Global emissions have to decline
​ for 2°C and 1.5°C (now too late)

IPCC Chair COP26, (IPCC AR6 WG3)​

Global disastrous fixed 1.5°C 2030 or soon after and 2°C by 2050
​“In all mitigation scenarios, crossing the 1.5°C threshold lies
​in the early 2030s” ​2°C is crossed by 2050 (IPCC AR6 WG1 Ch.4-555)
​Climate Emergency 
Record Global warming 2023 is put at 1.45°C by WMO 
​Highest in 125,000 yrs and by a record increase

On Current policies warming will be 3.2°C this century (IPCC AR6)
​Higher after 2100

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2022 6th Assessment (AR6) has global emissions declining 2020-2025(C1) by immediate action for 2°C and 1.5°C
Small children are most vulnerable to all climate change impacts, in all regions, 
though most vulnerable in lpw latitiudes and Africa​
Climate Emergency Institute
State of the Climate in 2023, WMO March 2024: WMO sounded a Red 'Alert on climate change worldwide' Annual report on the state of the global climate, confirms 2023 was the hottest ever recorded for 174 years (by far) 
'Records were again broken, and in some cases smashed, for greenhouse gas levels, surface temperatures, ocean heat and acidification, sea level rise, Antarctic Sea ice cover, and glacier retreat'.
​​The report emphasised that 'warming is expected to continue—a change which is irreversible on scales of hundreds to thousands of years'.
WMO, March 2024, State of the Climate in 2023
2023 Record global
State of Climate
It is clear that the global climate emergency is worse than ever
Global temperature (1) and atmospheric CO2 (2) are increasing
​faster than ever
(see below)​
Yet it is being ignored more than ever ​

To limit warming to 1.5°C and 2°C
​global emissions had to be declining by 2020.
(many references over many years)​
​The IPCC  (6th Assessment) now says global
​decline has to be immediate
​"2020 to 2025 very latest".
1. Global temperature increasing faster than ever 
'Human-induced warming has been increasing at a rate that is unprecedented in the instrumental record, reaching 0.26 [0.2–0.4] °C per decade over 2014–2023'. 
Indicators of Global Climate Change 2023: annual update of key indicators..., Piers M Forster et al, 5 JUne 2024

2. Atmospheric CO2 increasing faster than ever ​​
During a year of extremes, carbon dioxide levels surge faster than ever
NOAA, 11 June 2024

Copernicus: June 12th month over 1.5°C
​and 13th record months in a row